What is a scale?

A series of successive notes on the staff forms a scale.

The most common scales used on guitar are:

Major Pentatonic Scale

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 5
  • 6

Minor Pentatonic Scale:

  • 1
  • b3
  • 4
  • 5
  • b7

Major Scale

Now just by adding 2 notes to the Pentatonic Scale shapes, we get the Major Scale – the basis for which all scales will be measured:

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7

Minor Scale (Aeolian Mode)

The Natural Minor Scale is actually just a mode of a the major scale – using the same notes, but starting from the 6th note, or degree, resulting in a minor 3rd, 6th and 7th:

  • 1
  • 2
  • b3
  • 4
  • 5
  • b6
  • b7

Modes:

  • Ionian (Major Scale): 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • Dorian: 1 2 b3 4 5 6 b7
  • Phrygian: 1 b2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
  • Lydian: 1 2 3 #4 5 6 7
  • Mixolydian: 1 2 3 4 5 6 b7
  • Aeolian (Natural Minor Scale): 1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
  • Locrian: 1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7